Risk for Osteoporosis
Your bone density depends on a variety of genetic, lifestyle and medical factors. Some factors, such as diet and exercise, can be controlled; others must be managed.
To ensure your healthiest bones, be sure to eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, exercise regularly doing weight-bearing activities and avoid tobacco, excessive alcohol and caffeine.
You may be at higher risk for osteoporosis if you:
- Smoke or abuse alcohol. Both activities can advance bone loss, as well as contribute to many other health problems.
- Consume too much caffeine, salt and soft drinks.
- Have a family history of osteoporosis.
- Have had previous broken bones
- Are a woman, although up to 1 in 4 men will develop osteoporosis past age 50.
- Have low body weight.
- Are a woman who has missed periods for several months and/or reached menopause.
- Are a woman who reached menopause before 40.
- Have had certain medical conditions, including cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, anorexia nervosa or other eating disorders, celiac disease, depression, hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, liver disease, and other illnesses.
- Have taken certain medications, including steroids, some antacid medicines, Dilantin, phenobarbital, Heparin, cancer drugs, certain antidepressants and some diabetes medications, among others.
- Eat a diet low in calcium, dairy products and vitamin D.
- Do little or no weight-bearing exercises.