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Strong Bones Program

Risk for Osteoporosis

Your bone density depends on a variety of genetic, lifestyle and medical factors. Some factors, such as diet and exercise, can be controlled; others must be managed.

To ensure your healthiest bones, be sure to eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, exercise regularly doing weight-bearing activities and avoid tobacco, excessive alcohol and caffeine.

You may be at higher risk for osteoporosis if you:

  • Smoke or abuse alcohol. Both activities can advance bone loss, as well as contribute to many other health problems.
  • Consume too much caffeine, salt and soft drinks.
  • Have a family history of osteoporosis.
  • Have had previous broken bones
  • Are a woman, although up to 1 in 4 men will develop osteoporosis past age 50.
  • Have low body weight.
  • Are a woman who has missed periods for several months and/or reached menopause.
  • Are a woman who reached menopause before 40.
  • Have had certain medical conditions, including cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, anorexia nervosa or other eating disorders, celiac disease, depression, hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, liver disease, and other illnesses.
  • Have taken certain medications, including steroids, some antacid medicines, Dilantin, phenobarbital, Heparin, cancer drugs, certain antidepressants and some diabetes medications, among others.
  • Eat a diet low in calcium, dairy products and vitamin D.
  • Do little or no weight-bearing exercises.