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Menstruation

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Explaining menstruation to your daughter important so that she can feel comfortable with the changes in her body as she goes through puberty. It’s also a great way to bond and show her you’re there for her through this time in her life, as well as how to observe proper hygiene and health.

Puberty in girls starts between the ages of 8 and 13, and menstruation usually begins 2 years after their breasts begin to develop. However, some girls begin puberty earlier or later than others. For instance, some girls may start menstruating as early as age 10, but others may not get their first period until they are 15.

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Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea) in Teens

What is dysmenorrhea in teens?

Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) are severe, painful cramps that occur with menstruation. There are 2 types:

• Primary dysmenorrhea. This starts soon after a girl gets her first menstrual period. It’s usually lifelong. But it may get better over time.

• Secondary dysmenorrhea. This type is caused by another health problem, such as a growth or infection. It usually starts later.

What causes dysmenorrhea in a teen?

Primary dysmenorrhea is caused by abnormal tightening of the muscles of the uterus (contractions). This is from changing hormone levels. The hormone prostaglandin controls the contractions of the uterus.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is often caused by endometriosis. This is when tissue that forms the inside lining of the uterus also grows outside the uterus. It can grow on other organs inside the pelvis or belly (abdomen). This can also cause internal bleeding, infection, and pelvic pain.