Surgery can address the embarrassing symptoms.
A fistula is an opening between two organs that normally do not communicate with each other. According to the World Health Organization, more than 2 million women live with fistulas between the bladder and the vagina (vesicovaginal fistula) and the rectum and vagina (rectovaginal fistula), which are typically caused by a prolonged, obstructed labor in developing countries.
There are other causes, however, and the women all share symptoms that can be irritating, distressing and painful. In developing countries, women are often ostracized. In any area of the world, the involuntary loss of urine or fecal matter from the vagina is embarrassing.
Surgery can close the holes and help you lead a normal life.
Depending on the cause, the doctor can use surgery to close the holes. Before surgery, however, your doctor will treat any infection.
During the procedure, the surgeon will close the holes and then layer your own connective tissue between the holes to help prevent them from reopening. The area needs a good blood supply so that the tissue survives. When the surgery is correctly performed the first time, it has a high success rate.